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8. Develop a global partnership for development

"Official Development Assistance: Ayrault Identifies 16 Priority Countries in Africa" by AFP, from Sidwaya, presentation by Kpénahi Traoré

 The effectiveness of official development assistance (ODA) has always been a subject of debate for both donor and recipient countries. Donor countries question, above all, the mismanagement of ODA, while recipients dwell on the insufficient levels of funding made ​​available. Beyond dispute is the fact that ODA has continued to fall, especially between 2005 and 2007, when it fell from 107.1 billion to 103.7 billion dollars. This calls into question the potential achievement of the Millennium Development Goals. In order to request an increase in ODA, a number of countries, including Burkina Faso, Mozambique, Malawi, Rwanda, Uganda, Vietnam and Nicaragua, conducted a joint assessment of the general economic support received. This assessment was initiated in 2004 by member states of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), under the guidance of 24 donors and the governments of the aforementioned countries. The aim was to assess the practices and approaches most capable of improving the effectiveness of general economic support and harmonising relations and contact with donors. However, the economic crisis has made ​​it even more difficult for developed countries to keep their promises and to consistently increase levels of ODA. For this reason, France has decided to concentrate its assistance on the 16 poorest states, including Burkina Faso. This announcement was made by the French Prime Minister, Jean-Marc Ayrault, on 31 July 2013.

Download the presentation "Official Development Assistance: Ayrault Identifies 16 Priority Countries in Africa"

Download "Official Development Assistance: Ayrault Identifies 16 Priority Countries in Africa" 

"The 3rd Africa-South America Summit. A Permanent Secretariat and a South-South Cooperation Fund are Emerging" – by Emmanuel Kouassi – Presentation by Eyoum Ngangué

Established on 9 November 1964, Fraternité Matin, known as Frat'Mat in Abidjan, is the oldest daily newspaper in Cote d’Ivoire. Property of the Ivorian state – as a publicly registered company – it is the organ of government information and defends the government’s decisions.
The article presented here summarises the actions of various African and South American leaders during the third Africa-South America Summit (ASA), held on 22 February 2013 in Malabo (Equatorial Guinea). The author places particular emphasis on the determination of countries in the southern hemisphere to create a constructive partnership to address common problems.

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Download “Il 3e sommet Afrique et Amérique du Sud”

"Official Development Assistance: Ayrault Identifies 16 Priority Countries in Africa," by AFP, from Sidwaya, presentation by Kpénahi Traoré

 

The effectiveness of official development assistance (ODA) has always been a subject of debate for both donor and recipient countries. Donor countries question, above all, the mismanagement of ODA, while recipients dwell on the insufficient levels of funding made ​​available. Beyond dispute is the fact that ODA has continued to fall, especially between 2005 and 2007, when it fell from 107.1 billion to 103.7 billion dollars. This calls into question the potential achievement of the Millennium Development Goals. In order to request an increase in ODA, a number of countries, including Burkina Faso, Mozambique, Malawi, Rwanda, Uganda, Vietnam and Nicaragua, conducted a joint assessment of the general economic support received. This assessment was initiated in 2004 by member states of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), under the guidance of 24 donors and the governments of the aforementioned countries. The aim was to assess the practices and approaches most capable of improving the effectiveness of general economic support and harmonising relations and contact with donors. However, the economic crisis has made ​​it even more difficult for developed countries to keep their promises and to consistently increase levels of ODA. For this reason, France has decided to concentrate its assistance on the 16 poorest states, including Burkina Faso. This announcement was made by the French Prime Minister, Jean-Marc Ayrault, on 31 July 2013.

Download "Official Development Assistance: Ayrault Identifies 16 Priority Countries in Africa" 

 

"The Poilão Dam revolutionizes agriculture on the island of Santiago", Respondent: Fernando Jorge Vaz, head of the Water Management Unit at the Poilão Dam on the island of Santiago – Journalist: Costança Pina

 

This text is extremely useful because it describes a highly valuable initiative that can be replicated in other regions. The most important feature is the result attained in terms of both production and improvements to local families’ living conditions, in a country where fresh produce is scarce. It is also an inexpensive experience for farmers, since they only pay for the water they use. This article is interesting as it documents the progress made by the population of the island of Santiago towards achieving Objective 1 "Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger".

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“Mundo kriol”: against social exclusion – Summary by Maria de Lourdes Jesus

 

"Mundo kriol" is an example of how second generation migrants – that is, the children of immigrants - have been better able to integrate into Italian society, while also retaining links to their country of origin. It also shows how they have been able to benefit from Italy’s better-functioning immigrant reception and assistance facilities in order to contribute to the development of Cape Verde, by engaging in fruitful collaboration with their peers in Cape Verde in the fight against social exclusion.

 

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Sixth World Water Forum: "Africa suffers from a lack of water, states make commitments" – by Amadou ISSAKA

Water is and will always be "the source of life", and indeed is becoming an increasingly rare commodity. This is the issue that is discussed in the article, entitled “Africa suffers from a lack of water, states make commitments”, which provides coverage of the Sixth World Water Forum held in Marseille in March with the aim of finding urgent solutions to the problem of water scarcity.

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"Policies on the Millennium Development Goals in Africa: Is the Global Partnership for Development Really Working?" By Charles Mutasa - summary by Abdallah Katunzi

 

This report addresses MDG 8, to ”develop a global partnership for development”, focusing particularly on sub-goal 8.B on development assistance, debt and trade. The author argues that ”radical changes in terms of aid administration, international trade and a resolution to the growing debt crisis”are required to ensure that developing countries are able to mobilise the resources necessary to achieve the goals by 2015.

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"Tanzania and the MDGs: An Evaluation of the Global Partnership for Development"

 Target 8.A Develop further an open, rule-based, predictable, non-discriminatory trading and financial system. This includes a commitment to good governance, development and poverty reduction - both nationally and internationally.


 

AFRODAD is a civil society organisation based in Harare (Zimbabwe) which aims to find lasting solutions to the problem of African debt that has impacted so negatively on development on the continent. In 2005 it produced a report that espoused a fundamentally critical position toward the MDGs, particularly in relation to the case of Tanzania. The report outlined in detail the problems relating to MDG 8, to “develop a global partnership for development”, which included African debt, foreign aid and trade, and the potential influence upon these issues of a global partnership. Goal 8 is therefore considered essential for the formulation of more equitable policies at the global level, which have the potential to contribute significantly to poverty reduction in the South due to the potential role to be played by countries in the North, African governments, the private sector and civil society.

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"Leaving Eldoret" by Alfred Muchilwa - Kenya

Target 8.F In cooperation with the private sector, make available the benefits of new technologies, especially information and communications.

 

 

This story by cartoonist Alfred Muchilwa (from Kenya) discusses topics of vital importance to MDG 8, emphasising in particular the importance of "joint" cooperation between "white people" in the North and Africa in the production of a model of economic development that is distinctly African, rather than one dictated by foreign principles. The author questions the way in which Africa and Africans are portrayed in the media, and particularly in film, as children incapable of exerting their own autonomy.