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6. Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases

Combating AIDS in Burkina Faso: The Government Allocates 1 Billion FCFA, by Raphael Kafando - Presentation by Kpénahi Traore

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HIV/AIDS, described as ‘the disease of the century’, has done huge damage on the African continent for decades and continues to claim numerous victims. The issue of how to combat HIV/AIDS has become a matter for the state in Burkina Faso, to the extent that the country requested the creation of a National Committee to Combat AIDS (CNLS), the name of which has evolved over time. This committee receives financial support from international partners and from the Government of Burkina Faso.

The article by Raphael Kafando, entitled "Combating AIDS in Burkina Faso: The Government Allocates 1 billion FCFA", discusses the efforts made by the Government of Burkina Faso to combat the AIDS pandemic and the creation of the National Council to Combat AIDS and Sexually Transmitted Diseases (CNLS/IST) – initially founded, in 1990, as the National Committee for the Fight Against AIDS (CNL-AIDS).

A special budget is allocated to this committee annually to allow it to function properly and perform its mission, namely to "stop and reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS" and “achieve, by 2010, universal access to treatment for HIV/AIDS for all those who need it” – two sub-targets of Millennium Development Goal 6.

Much progress has been made since the initial launch of CNLS/IST, including an increase in the number of people being treated with ARVs and a decrease in the national incidence of the disease, which fell from 7.17% in 1997 to 1.6% in 2008 (UNAIDS). The monthly cost of treatment, which is already subsidised, fell from 5000 to 1500 CFA to becoming completely free in January 2010. The percentage of patients treated with ARV drugs increased from 24.7% in 2005 to 47% in 2009. The risk facing CNLS/IST lies in the mismanagement of funds, which are in danger of not reaching those who need them the most. In 2012, for example, there was a shortage of ARV drugs for people living with AIDS in Burkina Faso, and some were not able to access any treatment whatsoever.

Download Combating AIDS in Burkina Faso: The Government Allocates 1 Billion FCFA

Source: the online newspaper Sidwaya