.

8. Develop a global partnership for development

 

8.A) Develop further an open, rule-based, predictable, non-discriminatory trading and financial system. This includes a commitment to good governance, development and poverty reduction - both nationally and internationally.

8.B) Address the special needs of the least developed countries. This includes tariff and quota free access for the least developed countries' exports, an enhanced programme of debt relief for heavily indebted poor countries, the cancellation of official bilateral debt, and more generous official development assistance for countries committed to poverty reduction.

8.C) Address the special needs of landlocked developing countries and small island developing states.

8.D) Deal comprehensively with the debt problems of developing countries through national and international measures in order to make debt sustainable in the long term.

8.E) In cooperation with pharmaceutical companies, provide access to affordable essential drugs in developing countries.

8.F) In cooperation with the private sector, make available the benefits of new technologies, especially information and communications.


 

Goal 8


 

By signing the Millennium Declaration (in 2000), member states agreed to generate an effective response to the problem of poverty through the 8th MDG "Develop a global partnership for development". But what has been achieved over the last 11 years? The official report drawn up by the United Nations in 2010 states that financial assistance for development in 2009 amounted to $119.6 billion, representing 0.31% of the national income of developed countries. This represents a slight increase in relation to 2008, but remains well below the ​​initial target set.

As a result of the economic crisis, an agreement was made to reduce the target for official development assistance (ODA) set by the G8 at Gleneagles in 2005 by $20 billion. Yet the levels of aid allocated by the richest countries through ODA continues to be way off the target of 0.7% of GDP set to be reached by 2010. Only a few countries have managed to reach this target, while a number of other countries, including Italy, have actually reduced the proportions of GDP allocated to ODA.

Progress towards the goal of developing fairer systems of trade (8.B) – a goal of particular interest to middle-income countries – has not been substantial to date. Agricultural producers in developed countries continue to benefit from special subsidies while trade barriers continue to hinder developing country exports, thereby blocking any improvement to the system. The data also paints a generally negative picture in terms of the levels of debt of developing countries.


Sources

Action Aid
UNDP
United Nations, The Millennium Development Goals Report 2010, New York 2010
Statistics Division, Dep. of Economic and Social Affairs, UN “MDGs 2011 Progress Chart”