Millennium Development Goals

"Botswana: Millennium Development Goals, Status Report 2010" - summary by Abdallah Katunzi

This report is critical as it gives a critical overview of the successes and challenges regarding the implementation of the MDGs in Botswana from 2000 to 2010. It represents not only the voice of the government but those of other actors working towards implementing the MDGs in the country especially the United Nation (UN). This is a reference report for someone who wants to understand where Botswana stands as far as MDGs are concerned.

Download the abstract of "Botswana: Millennium Development Goals"

Download "Botswana: Millennium Development Goals"

News from an African Slum, by AMREF


Poverty does not mean being disabled.

Poverty is not hereditary, nobody wants to poor.

Poverty is a misfortune that falls upon you.

But if you work hard you can escape it!

Poverty is like rain, it can fall anywhere,

on both the rich and the poor...

Poverty exists when people have to strive against the odds to find food and to send their children to school.


Marion Wairimu, from the educational article

"The Fight Against Poverty described by Street Children in Nairobi".


Millennium News has produced a series of brief news broadcasts directly from the streets and slums of Nairobi, the capital of Kenya, presenting the views of young male and female residents on the MDGs. These broadcasts have been produced as part of the campaign "Millennium News – Giving Street Children a Voice", sponsored by AMREF, the leading non-profit health organisation in Africa. The programmes present the views of street children, speaking in Swahili, and are subtitled in Italian and English.

In an independent television studio, a young journalist interviews two street children, who explain what the MDGs mean to them and discuss the day-to-day problems of life on the streets of an African metropolis. The public all too often remains ignorant of the MDGs, which often seem a long way away from their own lives, while people who live in developing countries and have a comprehensive understanding of these day-to-day problems are all too often cut off from the world of information. Through Millennium News, AMREF attempts to bridge this gap, by raising the awareness of the general public of the real problems that the MDGs aim to resolve. Stories are told to the public from the point of view of those who are forced to experience the daily hardships of living in poverty themselves.

The project has been running since 2009, with funding from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. It is supported by both the Municipality of Milan and the Water Right Foundation, in cooperation with RAI Tre and with sponsorship from the RAI Social Action Department. News broadcasts can be viewed on AMREF's website.



Reports on the Achievement of the MDGs, by Stefania Lorelli




Over the past five or six years, African governments, intergovernmental organisations and research centres have produced various ongoing analyses of the progress made towards the MDGs. Numerous single-country studies have been produced, analysing the progress made towards all eight MDGs collectively, and towards each of the goals individually. Additional research has concentrated on the achievement of individual goals at the global level.

Download "Reports on the Achievement of the MDGs"

The Millennium Development Goals in Africa: Progress and Challenges, by Abebe Shimeles et al. - summary by Abdallah Katunzi


This extremely useful report describes in detail the extent of the progress made ​​by African countries five years after the Millennium Declaration towards the Millennium Development Goals. It also provides an overview and an assessment of the progress made by each sub-region on the continent. Importantly, the report not only describes the current state of affairs, but also suggests possible ways forward.

Download the abstract of "The Millennium Development Goals in Africa"

Download "The Millennium Development Goals in Africa"

"The African Woman" by Popa Matumula - Tanzania


In this satirical cartoon, Tanzanian cartoonist Popa Matumula, known as Kamtu, expresses his views on Africa's progress towards the Millennium Development Goals.

The cartoon portrays a pregnant African woman carrying the world on her shoulders, while her husband follows her in a leisurely way, unaware of the difficulties that his partner has to face. The man's gaze is turned flippantly towards another young woman who is passing by.

In this bitter and ironic comic, Kamtu summarises the conditions endured by African women, stressing the difficulties they face and the efforts they make ​​to help their families escape from poverty, while the men engage in irresponsible behaviour and play a secondary role within the family. The UN's 2010 Report on the MDGs reveals that women's access to paid jobs remains very low in many regions, despite the economic recovery in 2010 in the wake of the 2008-09 crisis, which has seen a much larger growth in jobs for men than for women. The African Woman therefore draws attention to the pursuit of the MDGs and the specific role played by women in this process.

"Moral poverty" by K. Benjamin - Ivory Coast


Pauvret-morale ENG 

So much moral poverty! - This author portrays the lack of social responsibility of a number of citizens through the eyes of a child who watches as they throw litter on the street, urinate wherever they please, and blow cigarette smoke in the faces of those around them.