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1.Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger

 

1.A) Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people whose income is less than one dollar a day.

1.B) Achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all, including women and young people.

1.C) Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people who suffer from hunger.

 

Goal 1

 

The United Nations' 2010 Millennium Development Goals Report paints an encouraging picture in terms of the 1st MDG "Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger" (see our documents), reporting a reduction in the number of people in developing countries who live on less than $ 1.25 a day. The report also confirms a reduction, from 1.8 billion in 1990 to 1.4 billion in 2005, in the number of people living below this poverty line, with the overall poverty rate having declined from 46% to 27%.

Whilst the report also discusses the effects of the 2008 global economic and financial crisis in the advanced economies of North America and Europe and the corresponding slowdown in growth rates in developing countries, it also shows the overall poverty rate to be on track to fall to 15% by 2015, therefore affirming the possibility of achieving the first MDG.

Another point of view is presented by the NGO ActionAid in its HungerFREE Scorecard Report 2010, in which it asserts the need for much greater progress in order to achieve this goal by 2015. The report reveals that if one excludes China and the rapid progress this country has made in terms of food security, the level of "global hunger" turns out to be 16% higher than the level recorded in 1990. The situation is shown to be even more desperate in a number of regions in sub-Saharan Africa, where one third of the population were found to be suffering from chronic hunger in 2009, 2% more than the 30% registered in 2006.

These conditions appear to be set to worsen, with the report affirming that, by 2020, around 50% of the African population will not have enough food to adequately nourish themselves. This pessimistic outlook is supported by another report published by Oxfam America in 2010, which found a total of 925 million people to be suffering from hunger, up from the 830 million people in 2008, prior to the poorest countries being hit by the full impact of the financial and food crisis. According to these estimates, therefore, the percentage of the population living in poverty declined by less than half of a percentage point between 2000 and 2010.

 

Sources

ActionAid, HungerFREE Scorecard Report 2010, 2010
Global Hunger Index
Oxfam America, Oxfam America Annual Report 2010
United Nations, The Millennium Development Goals Report 2010, New York 2010
US Department of Agriculture Economic Research Service, Food Security Assessment 2010-2020